Hi, !

订阅
报纸
纸质报纸 电子报纸
手机订阅 
英语
学习
双语新闻 翻译协作
英语听力 国际学校
口语
演讲
精彩视频 名人演讲
演讲技巧 口语训练营
教育
资讯
新闻资讯 语言文化
备课资源 经验交流
用报
专区
中学Teens
小学Kids
微信头条
除了谈理想与煲鸡汤,今年国外高校的毕业演讲还能这么玩?
来源:21英语网    日期: 2019-06-11

一年一度的毕业季又来啦~

 

每年这个时候,不少高校都会请来社会各界的名人大咖,为即将离校步入社会的年轻人们上最后一课。

 

美国《华尔街日报》(Wall Street Journal) 最近还整理了今年毕业季高校名人演讲的金句集锦。其中脱口秀女王奥普拉、苹果公司CEO库克等人都是毕业演讲的???,视频中满满都是青春的正能量,堪称英语演讲学习的范本~

 

不过,也有嘴欠煲毒鸡汤的人在↓↓↓

 

不过,除了大谈理想与未来之外,今年不少毕业演讲的画风,也是有些出人意料……

 

 

疯狂怼人不带名

 

 

5月30日,德国总理默克尔在哈佛大学毕业典礼上致辞。在毕业演讲当中,默克尔主要使用的是母语德语,然而却在演讲即将结束时,突然切换成了英文。她鼓励毕业生们要“打破无知与狭隘的高墙”,被媒体分析称,是在批评特朗普的政策和世界观。

 

除此之外,她在演讲中多次含沙射影地抨击了特朗普的政策。她说,如果我们总是站在他人的立场看待问题,尊重他人的历史传统,不要冲动行事等等,很多难题都能找到好的解决方案。

 

“这要求我们不要把谎言描述成真相,把真相说成谎言。”(That requires us not to describe lies as truth and truth as lies.)

 

German Chancellor Angela Merkel urged Harvard graduates on May 30 to "tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness" in a speech that was an apparent rebuke of US President Donald Trump's policies and worldview.

 

In her commencement address at the university, Merkel warned against the perils of isolationism and nationalism, pushed for action on climate change and said to never "describe lies as truth and truth as lies."

 

The Chancellor spoke in German and used a translator, but notably switched to English to close out her speech and said, "Tear down walls of ignorance and narrow-mindedness, for nothing has to stay as it is."

 

围观默克尔这段全程没提特朗普的暗怼高能演讲请戳↓↓↓

 

 

亿万富翁为毕业生还贷

 

 

 

亿万富翁投资人罗伯特·史密斯今年在为莫尔豪斯学院做毕业演讲时宣布,将为本届全部396名毕业生还清他们的学生贷款,总计4000万美元。莫尔豪斯的毕业生们高兴疯了,当场热烈欢呼。

 

史密斯还喊话自己的校友:“这也是对你们的挑战,2019这届是我的班了,你们要确保每届毕业生都有同样的机会??!

 

Among the most notable commencement speeches of the graduation season so far was one by Robert F. Smith at Morehouse College. The billionaire investor promised the graduates that he’d pay off the entire class of 2019’s student loans — a pledge that drew looks of shock and several cheers from the crowd.

 

On behalf of the eight generations of my family who have been in this country, we’re going to put a little fuel in your bus … This is my class, 2019. And my family is making a grant to eliminate their student loans.

 

我代表我们家族在这个国家的八代人,给你们加点油……2019届的毕业生是我的人了。我们家族会拨款还清他们的学生贷款。

戳视频围观这场毕业演讲的亮(捐)点(钱)现场↓↓↓

 

 

“人应该活到210岁”

 

 

 

根据美国哥伦比亚大学的传统,每年都是由该校校长在毕业典礼上做毕业演讲,今年也不例外,依然是由哥大校长李·博林格发表演讲。

 

在毕业演讲中,他谈及了“寻求真理”与“追求知识”对这个时代日益迫切的重要性。

 

As Sir Edward Elgar’s “Pomp and Circumstance” blared throughout College Walk, graduates from across the schools of Columbia University gathered for the culminating ceremony of Commencement week. University President Lee Bollinger addressed an increasing imperative for truth in a world which prosecutes those who seek it. 

 

Bollinger spoke about the threats of blatant disregard for “the search of truth,” and he encouraged graduates to raise their voices and reflect on what’s at stake in our own country and in our world. 

 

在演讲中,他还提到了一个十分有意思的观点:人应该活到210岁……

 

 

Some years ago, one of the people I admire and respect most, our Manhattanville architect, Renzo Piano, had just turned 70, and I asked him what it felt like. He said that, as much as he had thought about and prepared for that moment, it still came to him as a shock.  (Now, I can attest to that feeling of shock.)  But, more than anything, he said, it made him feel that our proper life-span should be 210 years: 70 to learn, 70 to do, and 70 to teach the next generation. 

 

几年前,我最欣赏尊敬的人之一,曼哈顿威尔校区的建筑师雷佐·皮耶罗刚刚70岁,我问他是什么感觉。他表示,尽管他已经想过并为此刻做好准备,这一天的到来还是令他震惊不已。(如今我也能证实那种震惊感。)但他说,最重要的是,他认为人类的寿命应该是210岁:70年学习,70年实践,70年教育下一代。

 

 

 

(围观网友表示:想是想,可是实力不允许……)

 

围观了今年这么多场毕业演讲,那么,一个好的毕业演讲究竟该是什么样的呢?牛津大学出版社博客曾写过这么一篇文章:

“如何写出一篇超赞的毕业演讲?”

 

1

要足够风趣 

 

最好的演讲者通常都是谦虚且充满智慧,不妨来看看著名企业家迈克尔·布隆伯格2014年在哈佛大学的毕业典礼上的致辞是如何开头的吧~

 

The best speakers are knowingly wry and a bit self-deprecating. Here’s Michael Bloomberg, opening his 2014 Harvard Commencement address, with a typical opening:

 

I’m excited to be here, not only to address the distinguished graduates and alumni at Harvard University’s 363rd commencement but to stand in the exact spot where Oprah stood last year. OMG.

 

我很激动能够站在这里,不光是能向优秀的第363届哈佛毕业生以及校友们做演讲,更是因为去年奥普拉就站在这个位置上。我的天呐!

 

2

像莎士比亚那样写作 

 

要时刻将听众的多元化铭记在心。毕业典礼上的听众们不光只有好学生,还有一些努力了几年才能毕业的学生。听众中不光只有学生,还有家长和老师。莎士比亚也遇到过同样的问题, 他的观众包含三教九流。所以在撰写演讲稿时,要学习一下莎翁的写作方法:深奥的拉丁语与平白的英语并用,比如将不常用的incarnadine(鲜红色)与常用的red(红色)放在一起。

 

Keep the diversity of your audience in mind. You are speaking to students, but the students are not all the same.  There are honor students—summa, magna, and cum laude–as well as those who are still sweating out a few grades. You are also speaking to families and to the university faculty.  Shakespeare had that same problem—needing to address those in the Lord’s room, the galleries, and the ground pit. He solved it by repeating himself, expressing ideas in both the Latinate phrases and in plain Anglo-Saxon, as when he combined unfamiliar words like incarnadine with familiar ones like red.

 

著名的脱口秀主持人艾伦·德詹尼丝2009年在杜兰大学做演讲时,还用上音似校友(alumni)的一波词开起了玩笑:

 

I thought that you had to be a famous alumnus – alumini – aluminum – alumis – you had to graduate from this school.

 

我以为成为著名校...校...校油……先得从这个学校毕业。

 

(注:艾伦在当年的毕业典礼上也获得了该校的荣誉学位,感觉本人也是开心到结巴23333)

 

3

想一些简单的主题 

 

在构思毕业演讲主题时,试着每个部分都用一句简单好记的主题句概括。毕竟,大家都没法重听你的毕业演讲,而且在纸上划重点。所以简单好记的主题+通俗易懂的事例就成了一场优秀毕业演讲必不可缺的要素了~

 

As you develop your theme, try to have a memorable, quotable line for each segment of your audience—the grads, the families, and the faculty. And remember that your audience can’t rewind your speech or mark it with a yellow highlighter, so be sure to illustrate your easily-recognizable theme with smaller, easily-digestable examples.

 

比如,美国哥伦比亚广播公司主播莎琳·阿尔方西在密西西比大学2013年的毕业演讲中谈到了工作和坚持不懈的主题,并且用她职业生涯中遇到的种种困难举例,比如找工作,艰辛岁月以及糟糕的老板等等。这么接地气的话题,也让大家一下就记住了演讲的内容~

 

Journalist Sharyn Alfonsi did it in her commencement address to the journalism school at Ole Miss in 2013, as she talked about work and perseverance, and illustrated those values through her own career’s challenges, including job applications, tough days, and bad bosses. Choose examples that everyone can relate to and can talk about over lunch.

 

4

避免“现实世界”和其他老梗 

在演讲当中也应避免谈一些老生常谈的梗,比如“大家即将进入现实世界”这样的话。这样会让学生们觉得你不大接地气,事实上,不少学生都在勤工俭学并且常常处理一些现实问题。当然,也别谈太多关于教育价值的话题。毕竟,他们懂得教育的价值,不然也不会去上大学。

Be careful when using clichés in your speech. Tempting as it may be to tell the graduates that they are about to enter the “Real World” (where you have thrived), you should avoid that. Savvy students will see you as out of touch, since many of them have been working all along and are often managing any number of real life issues.

 

You may want to avoid talking about the value of their education as well. They know the value. That’s why they went to college. (It’s the cost they are worried about.)

 

5

时间别太长

一般来说,毕业演讲的时间最多不要超过20分钟,12分钟为宜。演讲者一般每分钟能说120个词,所以一场毕业演讲下来,演讲稿长度大约在1400-2400词之间。在大太阳底下坐着的学生、家长和老师们都会感谢你的简洁~

 

 

Unless you are using the speech to announce a major policy, you won’t need more than 20 minutes, tops. Twelve minutes would be even better. The average speaker reads about 120 words a minute, so that’s about 1,400-2,400 words or 9-15 pages (double spaced, 16 point font). Sitting in the sun, the students, families, and faculty will all appreciate brevity.

 

所以,让做一场令人印象深刻的优秀毕业演讲,学问可真不少呀~

 

综合来源:Time, CNN, Wall Street Journal, Oxford University Press blog, 哥伦比亚大学官网,观察者网,参考消息



 





相关文章

 
订阅更精彩

 主办
联系我们   |    广告业务   |    诚聘英才   |   演讲比赛   |   关于我们   |   手机访问
有意与本网站合作者,有关合作事宜请联系我们。未经21英语网书面授权,请勿转载或建立镜像,否则即为侵权。
主办单位:中国日报社 Copyright www.combinews.com All Rights Reserved 版权所有 复制必究
网站信息网络传播视听节目许可证0108263   京ICP备13028878号-12   京公网安备 11010502033664号

标题
内容
关闭
内容

吉林快三

免责声明: 本站资料及图片来源互联网文章,本网不承担任何由内容信息所引起的争议和法律责任-|。所有作品版权归原创作者所有-|,与本站立场无关,如用户分享不慎侵犯了您的权益-|,请联系我们告知,我们将做删除处理!